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Comparison of achieved and predicted crown movement in adults after 4 first premolar extraction treatment with Invisalign

  • Fan-fan Dai
    Affiliations
    Second Clinical Division, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology; National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases; National Engineering Laboratory for Digital and Material Technology of Stomatology; Beijing Key Laboratory of Digital Stomatology, Beijing, China
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  • Tian-min Xu
    Affiliations
    Department of Orthodontics, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology; National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases; National Engineering Laboratory for Digital and Material Technology of Stomatology; Beijing Key Laboratory of Digital Stomatology, Beijing, China
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  • Guang Shu
    Correspondence
    Address correspondence to: Guang Shu, Second Clinical Division, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, 66 An Li Road, Chao Yang District, Beijing, China
    Affiliations
    Second Clinical Division, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology; National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases; National Engineering Laboratory for Digital and Material Technology of Stomatology; Beijing Key Laboratory of Digital Stomatology, Beijing, China
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Published:August 02, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajodo.2020.06.041

      Highlights

      • Tooth crown movements were not fully achieved as predicted.
      • First molars showed greater anchorage loss, buccal inclination, and intrusion.
      • Canines and central incisors showed greater distal tipping and lingual inclination.
      • Canines and central incisors showed insufficient retraction and intrusion.
      • Achieved-predicted differences varied between the maxilla and mandible.

      Introduction

      In this study, we compared achieved and predicted crown movements of maxillary and mandibular first molars, canines, and central incisors in adults after 4 first premolar extraction treatment with Invisalign.

      Methods

      Seventeen adult patients who received 4 first premolar extraction treatment with Invisalign and completed the first series of aligners were included. Superimposition of pretreatment and actual posttreatment dental models was acquired using registrations of pretreatment and posttreatment craniofacial models on the basis of bone surfaces and registrations of craniofacial and dental models on the basis of dental crown surfaces, respectively. Superimposition of pretreatment and predicted posttreatment models was acquired from ClinCheck software. Achieved and predicted 3-dimensional crown movements of maxillary and mandibular first molars, canines, and central incisors were then compared using the paired t test.

      Results

      Relative to predicted changes, first molars achieved greater mesial displacement, mesial tipping, and buccal inclination in both the maxilla and mandible, greater intrusion in the maxilla, and greater mesial-lingual rotation and less constriction in the mandible. Canines achieved greater distal tipping in both the maxilla and mandible, less retraction in the maxilla, and greater lingual inclination and extrusion in the mandible. Central incisors achieved greater distal tipping and lingual inclination and extrusion in both the maxilla and mandible and less retraction in the maxilla.

      Conclusions

      Tooth crown movements were not fully achieved as predicted following Invisalign treatment. Differences focused on mesial tipping, buccal inclination, mesial displacement, and intrusion of the first molars, as well as distal tipping, lingual inclination, insufficient retraction, and intrusion of the canines and central incisors.
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