Body image, self-concept, and the orthodontic patient

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      Four major criterion groups—orthodontic retention patients, prospective orthodontic patients, a population sample, and mothers of prospective patients—were established. Appropriate relationships between groups and subgroups were studied with regard to body-image and self-concept satisfaction, to body-image and self-concept importance, and other factors. The findings include the following:
      • 1.
        1. There was no significant difference in body-image and self-concept satisfaction or importance between prospective orthodontic patients and the population sample.
      • 2.
        2. There was no significant difference in body-image and self-concept satisfaction or importance between prospective orthodontic patients and orthodontic patients in retention.
      • 3.
        3. There was a significant difference between prospective orthodontic patients' self-concept importance and their mothers' perception of self-concept importance. These teen-agers placed more emphasis on their self-concept than did their mothers.
      • 4.
        4. There was no significant difference between any of the groups in body-image and self-concept satisfaction or importance with change in age (11 to 16 years).
      • 5.
        5. Girls scored significantly lower in both body-image and self-concept satisfaction than did the boys at these ages (11 to 16 years).
      • 6.
        6. Patients with Class III malocclusion scored significantly lower than the other malocclusion groups in all categories of body-image and self-concept satisfaction and importance.
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